This Day in History – July 31st, 1891

Africa 1914

Africa 1914

By 1914, Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and Liberia were the only countries in the continent of Africa that managed to retain their independence; the other 90% was under European control. 44 years earlier it was the opposite way around with Europe controlling 10% of Africa, but starting in 1881, the “Scramble for Africa” began as New Imperialism swept the continent. The race to seize African countries was so rampant that in 1884 the imperialist European nations held the Berlin Conference to regulate division of the continent. The conference was designed to prevent war amongst the European nations, but on July 31st, 1891Great Britain declares territories in Southern Africa up to the Congo to be within their sphere of influence.

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